Look at the map of London. Find out where the main sights of London are situated.
Key Facts about London
- London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom
- London is the largest city in the United Kingdom.
- London is the largest city in Europe.
- London is formed by two ancient cities – City of London and City of Westminster, both cities forming the region of Greater London
- The world's first public zoo first opened in 1829 in London (London Zoo)
- The exact centre of London is marked by a plaque in the Church of St Martin's-in-the-Fields overlooking Trafalgar Square.
- The tallest building in London is The Shard London Bridge - 310 meters (1,017ft) tall.
- London is the first city to host the Olympics three times (1908, 1948 and 2012).
Facts about River Thames in London
- The River Thames flows through London.
- Richard the Lionheart introduced swans to Britain in the 12th century, from Cyprus.
- The swans on parts of the Thames are owned by the Crown. Counting them, is known as Swan Upping.
Facts about London Bridge
- London Bridge does not have towers. Tower Bridge does!
- There have been three London Bridges.
- The first London Bridge was built 1209-1831 It contained houses and shops.
- The second by John Rennie, built to replace the original, lasted until 1968, when it was sold to an American entrepreneur.
- The current London Bridge was opened in 1973
Facts about Tower Bridge
- Tower Bridge is the most recognizable bridge on the River Thames and is often mistakenly referred to as “London Bridge”.
- Tower Bridge has stood over the River Thames in London since 1894
- The bridge was officially opened on 30 June 1894 by The Prince of Wales (the future King Edward Vll) and his wife, The Princess of Wales.
- The bridge was originally painted a chocolate brown colour. Then in 1977, it was painted red, white and blue for the Queen’s Silver Jubilee.
Watch the video about London.
If you need more information about the sights of London, learn the presentation.